Dutch Golden Age painting
Types of painting
Frans Hals’ tronie, with the later title Gypsy Girl. 1628-30. Oil on wood, 58 x 52 cm. The tronie includes elements of portraiture, genre painting, and sometimes history painting.
A distinctive feature of the period, compared to earlier European painting, was the small amount of religious painting. Dutch Calvinism forbade religious painting in churches, and though biblical subjects were acceptable in private homes, relatively few were produced. The other traditional classes of history and portrait painting were present, but the period is more notable for a huge variety of other genres, sub-divided into numerous specialized categories, such as scenes of peasant life, landscapes, townscapes, landscapes with animals, maritime paintings, flower paintings and still lifes of various types. The development of many of these types of